Cystoscopy Specialist

B. Robert Bamshad, MD

Urologist located in Beverly Grove, Los Angeles, CA

Cystoscopy provides doctors with a close-up view of the urethra, prostate, and bladder for accurate diagnosis and treatment of an array of medical issues. Dr. Bamshad has extensive experience in state-of-the-art cystoscopy methods, helping patients at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, CA, get the best and most appropriate care.

Cystoscopy Q & A

What is cystoscopy?

Cystoscopy is a minimally-invasive diagnostic procedure that uses a special instrument called a cystoscope to look inside the bladder and the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. The cystoscope is a long, flexible instrument with a small light on one end and an eyepiece on the other end which allows the doctor to evaluate the lining and structure of the bladder and urethra for diagnosis and management of several medical conditions.

When is cystoscopy performed?

Cystoscopy is used to:

  • determine the cause of issues like incontinence, painful urination, blood in the urine, problems with urination, abdominal pain and other problems
  • identify the cause of chronic urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • diagnose bladder diseases, including inflammation (cystitis) and cancer
  • determine the cause of an enlarged prostate gland
  • monitor the effectiveness of ongoing treatment
  • guide certain types of minimally-invasive procedures

How is a cystoscopy performed?

The procedure can be done in the office with local anesthesia only if needed. Sedation can be used to help patients relax and stay comfortable throughout the procedure. The cystoscope is inserted through the urethral opening and slowly advanced through the urethra to the bladder. In addition to the viewing lens, a camera can be used to capture video and still images for further evaluation. Images can be transmitted to a viewing monitor for real-time evaluation as well. Once the scope has reached the bladder, a sterile solution is pumped into the bladder to make it easier to view the entire lining. Tiny tissue samples (biopsies) may be taken for examination under a microscope. Most cystoscopy procedures take about 15 to 20 minutes to perform, and patients can return home afterward.

How will I feel after cystoscopy?

Cystoscopy can cause some residual soreness which can be relieved with warm compresses and by drinking plenty of fluids. Discomfort typically resolves within a day or two once any mild irritation has resolved. If sedation is used, patients may experience drowsiness and need a friend or loved one to drive them home after the procedure.